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Horse-Racing Terms Conclusion VideoRacing Explained - How to Pick a Winner
In the Southern Hemisphere, the birthday is August 1. Also, a weight reduction to which female horses are entitled when racing against males, or that three-year-olds receive against older horses.
Horses with this condition are known as non-sweaters. BLEEDER- Horse who bleeds during or after a workout or race due to ruptured blood vessel.
BLIND SWITCH- Being caught in a pocket or such a position behind or between horses that a free course cannot be pursued. BLINKERS- Device to limit a horse's vision to prevent him from swerving from objects or other horses on either side of him.
BLISTER- Counter-irritant to ease pain or to treat an ailment. BLOOD WORMS- Parasites that get into the blood stream. BLOWOUT- A short, final workout, usually a day or two before a race, designed to sharpen a horse's speed.
BOARD- Totalisator board on which odds, betting pools and other information is displayed. BOBBLE- A bad step away from the starting gate, usually caused by the track breaking away from under a horse's hoof and causing him to duck his head or nearly go to his knees.
BOG SPAVIN- Puffy swelling on the inside and slightly in front of the back, usually caused by overwork or strain. BOLT- Sudden veering from a straight course.
BOTTOM- Stamina in a horse. Also, sub-surface of racing strip. BOTTOM LINE- Thoroughbred's breeding on female side. The bottom half of an extended pedigree diagram.
BOWED TENDON a BOW - Rupture of the sheath enclosing the tendon from the knee to the fetlock joint. BREAK A horse - To accustom a young horse to racing equipment and methods, and to carry a rider.
BREAKAGE- In pari-mutuel payoffs which are rounded out to a nickel or dime, those pennies that are left over. Breakage is generally split between the track and state and, in some cases, breeding or other funds, in varying proportions.
BREAKDOWN- When a horse suffered an injury; lameness. BREAK MAIDEN- Horse or rider winning first race of career. BREATHER- Restraining or easing off on a horse for a short distance in a race to permit him to conserve or renew his strength.
BRED- A horse is bred at the place of his birth. Also, the mating of horses. BREEDER- Owner of dam at time foal is dropped.
BREEDING FUND- A fund set up by many states to provide bonus prizes for state- breds. BREEZE- Working a horse at a moderate speed; less effort than handily.
BRIDGE-JUMPER- Someone who makes large show bets on short-priced favorites. BROODMARE- Female Thoroughbred used for breeding. BROWN- Sometimes difficult to separate from black or dark bay.
This color can usually be distinguished by noting finer tan or brown hairs on the muzzles or flanks. BUCKED SHINS- Inflammation of front of cannon bone to which young horses are particularly susceptible.
BUG- Apprentice allowance. Apprentice rider. BULLET WORK - The best time for the distance on the work tab for a given day at a track.
BULL RING- Small racetrack; usually less than one mile. CALL the - Running position of horses in a race at various points. CALLER- One who calls the running positions of horses in a race.
CAPPED HOCK- Injury to hock caused by kicking or rubbing. CAST- A horse is a cast when he lies down in the stall in such a way that he is too close to the wall, and there is a danger that he may not be able to get up by himself without injury.
CHART- A statistical "picture" of a race from which past performances are compiled , which shows the position and margin of each horse at designated points of call depending on distance of the race , age, weight carried, owner, trainer, purse, conditions, pay-off prices, odds, time and other data.
CHECKED- A horse pulled up by his jockey for an instant because he is cut off or in tight quarters. CHESTNUT- Varies from light, washy yellow to dark liver color, between which comes red, gold and liver shades.
A chestnut never has black points, mane or tail. CHUTE- Extension of backstretch or homestretch to permit straightaway run from start. CLAIMING- Buying a horse out of race for entered price.
CLAIMING BOX- Box in which claims are deposited before the race. CLAIMING RACE- Race in which horses are entered subject to claim for a specified price.
CLASSIC- Race of traditional importance. In the U. CLERK OF SCALES- An official whose chief duty is to weigh the riders before and after a race to be sure proper weight is carried.
CLIMBING- A fault in a horse's stride in which, instead of reaching out, his action is abnormally high. CLOCKER- One who times workouts and races.
CLOSER- A horse who runs best in the latter part of the race, coming from off the pace. CLUBHOUSE TURN- Generally, the turn closest to the clubhouse.
COLORS- Racing silks-jacket and cap-worn by riders to denote the owner s of horse. COLT- Male horse under 5 years of age.
COMPANY- Class of horses in a race. Members of the field. CONDITION BOOK- Book issued by racing secretary which sets forth conditions of races to be run.
CONDITION RACE- An event with conditions limiting it to a certain class of horse. Such as: Fillies, 3-year-olds, non-winners of two races other than maiden or claiming, etc.
CONTRACT RIDER- Jockey under contract to a stable. COOLING OUT- Restoring a horse, usually by walking, to normal temperature after becoming overheated in a race or workout.
COUGH- Broadly, a cold. More prevalent in spring among young Thoroughbreds. COUPLED- Two or more horses running as an entry in a single betting unit.
CRIBBER A WIND SUCKER - A horse who clings to objects with his teeth and sucks air into his stomach.
CUP- Trophy awarded to owners of winners. Also distance race of a mile and a half or more. CUP HORSE- One qualified to engage in distance races.
CUPPY TRACK - A surface which breaks away under a horse's hoof. CUSHION- Surface of track or a layer of the track.
DAM- Mother of a Thoroughbred. DAMSIRE BROODMARE SIRE - The sire of a broodmare. DEAD-HEAT- Two or more horses finishing in an exact tie at the wire.
DEAD TRACK- Racing surface lacking resiliency. DECLARED- In U. Abandoned - A race meeting which has been cancelled because a club did not receive sufficient nominations to be able to stage it, or because of bad weather which made racing on the track unsafe.
All bets placed on abandoned races are fully refunded. Acceptor - A runner officially listed to start in a race. Accumulator - Also, Parlay A multiple bet.
A kind of 'let-it-ride' bet. Making simultaneous selections on two or more races with the intent of pressing the winnings of the first win on the bet of the following race selected, and so on.
All the selections made must win for you to win the accumulator. Across The Board - See 'Place' A bet on a horse to win, place or show.
Three wagers combined in one. If the horse wins, the player wins all three wagers, if second, two, and if third, one.
Age - All thoroughbreds count January 1 as their birth date. Ajax - UK slang term for 'Betting Tax'. All-age Race - A race for two-year-olds and up.
All Out - A horse who is trying to the best of his ability. Allowances - Reductions in weights to be carried allowed because of certain conditions such as; an apprentice jockey is on a horse, a female horse racing against males, or three-year-olds racing against older horses.
All Weather Racing - Racing that takes place on an artificial surface. Also Ran - Any selection not finishing 1st, 2nd, 3rd or 4th in a race or event.
Ante Post - Also, Futures Bets placed in advance predicting the outcome of a future event. Ante-post prices are those on major sporting events, usually prior to the day of the event itself.
In return for the chance of better odds, punters risk the fact that stakes are not returned if their selection pulls out or is cancelled.
Apprentice - A trainee jockey. An apprentice will usually ride only flat races. Approximates - The approximate price a horse is quoted at before a race begins.
Bookmakers use these approximates as a guide to set their boards. Arbitrage - Where a variation in odds available allows a punter to back both sides and guarantee a win.
ART - Artificial Turf. ATS - Against The Spread. AWT - All weather track. Baby Race - A race for two-year-olds. Back - To bet or wager.
Backed - A 'backed' horse is one on which lots of bets have been placed. Backed-In - A horse which is backed-in means that bettors have outlaid a lot of money on that horse, with the result being a decrease in the odds offered.
Back Marker - In a standing start event, which is handicapped, the horse who is given the biggest handicap is known as the backmarker.
Backstretch - The straight way on the far side of the track. Back Straight - The straight length of the track farthest away from the spectators and the winning post.
Backward - A horse that is either too young or not fully fit. Banker - Also, Key Highly expected to win. The strongest in a multiple selection in a parlay or accumulator.
In permutation bets the banker is a selection that must win to guarantee any returns. Bar Price - Refers to the odds of those runners in a race not quoted with a price during early betting shows.
The bar price is the minimum odds for any of those selections not quoted. Barrier - Also, Tape A starting device used in steeple chasing consisting of an elastic band stretched across the racetrack which retracts when released.
Barrier Draw - The ballot held by the race club to decide which starting stall each runner will occupy. Bat - Also, Stick A jockey's whip.
Beard US - A friend or acquaintance or other contact who is used to placing bets so that the bookmakers will not know the identity of the actual bettor.
Many top handicappers and persons occupying sensitive positions use this method of wagering. Bearing In Out - Failing to maintain a straight course, veering to the left or right.
Can be caused by injury, fatigue, outside distraction, or poor riding. Beeswax - UK slang term for betting tax. Also known as 'Bees' or 'Ajax'.
Bell Lap - In harness racing, the last lap of a race, signified by the ringing of the bell. Bet - A transaction in which monies are deposited or guaranteed.
Betting Board - A board used by the bookmaker to display the odds of the horses engaged in a race. Betting Ring - The main area at a racecourse where the bookmakers operate.
Betting Tax - Tax on a Bookmaker's turnover. In the UK this is a 'Duty' levied on every Pound wagered. In the latter case, no tax is deducted from the punter's winnings.
Bettor US - Someone who places or has a bet. A 'Punter' in the UK. Beyer Number - A handicapping tool, popularized by author Andrew Beyer, assigning a numerical value to each race run by a horse based on final time and track condition.
This enables different horses running at different racetracks to be objectively compared. Bismarck - A favourite which the bookmakers do not expect to win.
Blanket Finish - When the horses finish so close to the winning line you could theoretically put a single blanket across them.
Blinkers - A cup-shaped device applied over the sides of the horse's head near his eyes to limit his vision. This helps to prevent him from swerving away from distracting objects or other horses on either side of him.
Blinker cups come in a variety of sizes and shapes to allow as little or as much vision as the trainer feels is appropriate. Board - Short for 'Tote Board' on which odds, betting pools and other race information are displayed.
Bomb er - A winning horse sent off at very high odds. Book - A bookmaker's tally of amounts bet on each competitor, and odds necessary to assure him of profit.
Bookie - U. Short for bookmaker. The person or shop who accepts bets. Bookmaker - Person who is licensed to accept bets on the result of an event based on their provision of odds to the customer.
Sportsbook US. Bottle - UK slang, odds of 2 to 1. Box - A wagering term denoting a combination bet whereby all possible numeric combinations are covered.
Boxed in - To be trapped between other horses. Bobble - A bad step away from the starting gate, sometimes caused by the ground breaking away from under a horse and causing him to duck his head or go to his knees.
Bolt - Sudden veering from a straight course. Book - A collection of all the bets taken on fixed odds betting events. Bookmaker Bookie - A person registered and licensed to bet with the public.
Breakage - Those pennies that are left over in pari-mutuel payoffs which are rounded out to a nickel or dime. Breeders' Cup - Thoroughbred racing's year-end championship.
First run in Bridge-Jumper US - Bettor who specializes in large show bets on odd-on favourites. Bug Boy - An apprentice rider.
Bull Ring - Small racetrack less than one mile around. Buy Price - In Spread or Index betting, the higher figure quoted by an Index bookmaker.
Buy the Rack US - Purchase every possible daily-double or other combination ticket. Canadian - Also known as a Super Yankee. A Canadian is a combination bet consisting of 26 bets with 5 selections in different events.
The combination bet is made up of 10 doubles, 10 trebles, five 4-folds and one 5-fold. Card - Another term for fixture or race meeting. Carpet - UK slang for Odds of 3 to 1 also known as 'Tres' or 'Gimmel'.
Caulk - Projection on the bottom of a shoe to give the horse better traction, especially on a wet track. Chalk - Wagering favorite in a race. Wet weather racing can turn form on its head and empty pockets quicker than you can open your umbrella.
A person who is a deadset horror on the punt. No Robinson Crusoes here. If you hear the racecaller announce that your horse is off the bit before the field enters the home straight, be worried, be very worried.
The term means your horse is being ridden on a loose rein to allow it to gallop freely. It means the horse is producing maximum output and if a long way from the finishing line, could be tiring and in trouble.
A horse is pulling is when he or she is over racing. Firstly, over racing means the horse wants to go faster and is fighting against the restraint imposed by the jockey.
Pulling will drain the runner of vital strength required at the end of the race. Snapchat, Facebook and Twitter are going to see far more action trackside than the official camera equipment used to determine a winner in a tight contest.
A concentrated flow of bets for a runner, usually in the final minutes before they jump. Middle distance refers to races beyond m and up to m, with staying races anything beyond that range.
During a race there can be several incidents that can influence the outcome. Climbing: Trainers will always be on the lookout for climbing, which is a natural fault in the way a horse runs.
Clocker: The official or officials, who time the race, and sometimes training runs on non-race days, is known as the clocker.
This type of horse is known as a closer. Clubhouse Turn: The turn on the race track that is closest to the clubhouse is funnily enough, the clubhouse turn.
Colours: Also, referred to as silks, these are the silk tops and colors that a jockey wears in a race. Usually they are relevant to the owners of the horse.
Daily Double: A bet which is placed on two races in a row at the one track is a daily double. At some events a late double may also be offered which is another form of this bet but on later races.
Dead: One of the main ratings used to describe track conditions. Declared: This has a few meanings depending upon where you are in the world.
In the United States, it simply means a horse is scratched from the race. In the United Kingdom and Europe, it means quite the opposite, that a horse is confirmed to run in a race.
Exacta: A bet on the first and second place horses in the race is known as an exacta. You must pick both horses and the correct order to win.
Fast: Fast is another rating for a horse track where the conditions are great and the ground is quite solid and unyielding.
This will result in a fast race. Fence: This is the rail that separates the front straight from the stands and crowds in a race. Foal: A baby thoroughbred horse is known as a foal.
This is a vital guide in deciding on your betting selections. Front Runner: This is a horse that always takes the lead in a race from near the start and tries to hold on for as long as possible.
Quite often they will lose the lead on the final straight, but every now and then they manage to hold on for a win. Furlong: In years past the main way that horse racing tracks were measured was in furlongs.
A furlong is a unit of measure which equals exactly half a mile in the imperial system. Or meters in the metric system.
Gait: This term is used similarly to how it applies to human runners. Trainers will study the gait of a horse ad-nauseam to determine ways in which to make it faster and more efficient.
Gallop: This is a type of gait which is the way a horse runs fastest. In most horse races the horses will be galloping the entire time, albeit at varying levels of intensity.
Gate: These are used at the start of a horse race. Good: Good is another track rating which sits between fast and slow. This is a decent track and will usually yield a well paced race.
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SportingBet Casino Review. Unibet Casino Review. FruityKing Casino Review.A knot wind makes a great deal of difference to race times, so it is important always to have reliable information as to wind strength and direction, direction particularly. Mark Johnston. The best Flat horses to Kreuzwort SГјddeutsche carried the Cheveley Park colours View. Horse Racing Terms & Glossary Abandoned - A race meeting which has been cancelled because a club did not receive sufficient nominations to be able to stage it, or because of bad weather which made racing on the track unsafe. All bets placed on abandoned races are fully refunded. Acceptor - A runner officially listed to start in a race. Many tactical racing moves are executed on the backstretch as horses try to establish position. This term is also used erroneously to refer to the stable area or backside. Bad Actor— When a horse is unruly or hard to handle, the horse is often referred to as a bad actor. This term is not heard as much these days as it was in the past. 6/10/ · Here’s a list of horse racing terms to help you understand more about the sport and the available wagers. A If the horse wins the race then you win on all three bets, if it comes second you win on two bets, and if it comes third you only win on one bet.